Each redistricting dataset merges the electoral data the SWDB collected and processed over the preceding decade with the most current census data (PL94-171). The result is a census block level dataset that allows for longitudinal analysis of electoral data over time on the same unit of analysis. Electoral data consist of the Statements of Vote (SOV) and Statements of Registration (SOR) for each statewide election. These data are collected from the Registrars of Voters for each of the 58 California counties with each election.
The SWDB collects the Statement of Vote and the Statement of Registration along with various geography files from each of the 58 counties for every statewide election. The Statement of Vote is a precinct level dataset and precincts in California change frequently between elections. The goal of the SWDB is to make election data available that can be compared over time, on the same unit of analysis – a precinct, a census block or a census tract.
Anderson demonstrates that throughout its history the census has been a highly politicized process. Early attempts at apportionment,
the counting of slaves and freed blacks, and later the effects of industrialization and immigration all brought political pressure from
varying sides to bear on the Census Bureau. Political controversy over the questions included on the census and the statistical methods
employed are shown not to be new either.
This comprehensive history of apportionment law in Wisconsin up to 1970 examines the states
constitutional mandates and their implementation through various legislative actions, population changes,
and Wisconsin and United States Supreme Court cases. The study includes a number of historical maps and tables,
summaries of relevant Wisconsin case law, and a chronology of Wisconsin apportionment from 1836 to 1969.
This collection of essays on partisan gerrymandering includes several articles on the Davis v.
Bandemer case. Additional case studies from Indiana and California in the 1970s and 1980s are also reviewed.
Canon argues that rather than creating a type of "political apartheid," black majority districts
actually promote a "politics of commonality" by opening the political process to black candidates who
fairly represent the interests of both blacks and whites. In making his case, Canon analyzes the political and
legal debates for and against racial redistricting. He then compares the legislative behavior of members of the
Congressional Black Caucus to white House members representing districts with black populations of 25% or more.
A thorough description of the redistricting process and the conflicting interests involved,
based on the experience of a consultant to the California Assemblys Election and Reapportionment Committee during the 1980 redistricting.
National Conference of State Legislatures, November 1998. (328.135/N214b) This handbook is a compilation of
redistricting court case summaries arranged by state. It includes an index of cases, a subject index, and contacts for each state.
A comprehensive guide to federal and state law involving redistricting, this book is arranged
in chapters by subject with relevant caselaw integrated extensively into the text. An index to cases
cited, a glossary, and a lengthy bibliography are also included. Several appendices compare the redistricting laws and procedures across the 50 states.
State governments, the major parties and politicians are advised to prepare for the decennial process of
redistricting. Redistricting involves the drawing of new district maps based on census data. The Constitution
stipulates that districts must have equal populations. Preparations for redistricting are important since it can
be subjected to numerous political and legal challenges. States can successfully implement redistricting procedures
by working closely with the Census Bureau and by procuring the computer systems and technology needed for mapping.
This recently published guide contains concise factual information about each states legal and
organizational framework for redistricting. Entries for each state include constitutional and statutory
citations, statistical information about congressional and legislative districts, political entities responsible
for redistricting, deadlines, Voting Rights Act information, and state contacts.
Redistricting may likely follow after the government completes the Census 2000, which will be conducted on Apr 1, 2000. Ten suggested tips may help state governments better manage redistricting, which will never be easy or simple. They include adopting a redistricting mission statement and making early decisions about technology early as computer hardware/software systems and redistricting go hand in hand. Establishing a timeline to schedule purchases of equipment and software in stages up through 2001 will also be useful.
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