Each redistricting dataset merges the electoral data the SWDB collected and processed over the preceding decade with the most current census data (PL94-171). The result is a census block level dataset that allows for longitudinal analysis of electoral data over time on the same unit of analysis. Electoral data consist of the Statements of Vote (SOV) and Statements of Registration (SOR) for each statewide election. These data are collected from the Registrars of Voters for each of the 58 California counties with each election.
The SWDB collects the Statement of Vote and the Statement of Registration along with various geography files from each of the 58 counties for every statewide election. The Statement of Vote is a precinct level dataset and precincts in California change frequently between elections. The goal of the SWDB is to make election data available that can be compared over time, on the same unit of analysis – a precinct, a census block or a census tract.
Augusta Chronicle, The (GA) -August 13, 2011
Author: Associated Press
ATLANTA - Hours after state Republican lawmakers unveiled their proposal for Georgia's new political boundaries, Democrats continued to decry the plans as harmful to minority voters and incumbents, setting the stage for a future legal challenge.
The proposed maps would create 11 match-ups where incumbents would face off against each other, including the state Senate's longest-serving member. In four districts, black Democrats would be pitted against their white colleagues.
South Georgia would lose big under the plan as legislative seats disappear, reflecting the region's dramatic population loss.
Legislative leaders released the maps on the General As-sembly's Web site on Friday.
It's the first time Georgia Republicans are in control of redistricting from start to finish. They said the maps comply with the Voting Rights Act, designed to protect minority voting interests.
"It's been tough putting this plan together, but we've created a plan that does a great job of representing all Georgians and complying with all legal requirements," said state Rep. Roger Lane, a Republican who heads the House redistricting panel.
Kerwin Swint, a political science professor at Kennesaw State University, said the maps clearly help Republicans, who already hold commanding majorities in both the House and the Senate.
Democrats vow to oppose the GOP's plans, which they claim unfairly target some of their members by setting up racially polarizing match-ups, largely in metro Atlanta. House Minority Leader Stacey Abrams warned this week that Republicans were trying to purge Georgia of white Democrats.
She stood by her claim Friday.
"When we begin a redistricting process in a fashion that isolates, polarizes and resegregates, we do not send a signal to the rest of the United States that we are a progressive state," Abrams told reporters after the proposed maps were released. "To say that my accusations were baseless was preposterous."
The Senate map targets George Hooks, of Americus, regarded as the dean of the Senate, who could face competition from fellow Democrat Sen. Freddie Powell Sims, of Dawson. Hooks is white; Sims is black.
Hooks, who spent 10 years in the House and has been in the Senate for 21 years, said change is the one constant in the redistricting process.
"This is just the first go-round," said Hooks, who has been through the process six times. "I've never seen one (map) yet, at the end of the day, that stayed the same. We'll work something out."
"My section of the state is up against a rock and a hard place," Hooks said. "We knew that going into it."
In an e-mail to House Dem-ocrats, Abrams urged them to remain united in their opposition to the maps as proposed, and warned them of the political consequences of the usual politics of self-preservation.
"We have been a unified caucus," Abrams said. "There certainly are some folks I'm going to have to coax a little bit, but any individual member's success at the expense of the Democratic caucus and millions of Georgians is not worth the sacrifice. It is in the Democratic nature to say we stick together, lest we all fall."
Redistricting is required every decade to adjust to population changes as reflected in new census data.
The joint committee office has been a flurry of activity in the weeks leading up to redistricting.
To give members more privacy, the windows of the office have been blacked out and redistricting guidelines shield their research from the public record. Some legislators were getting their first look at the proposed maps Friday.
Georgia, now the country's ninth largest state, gained more than 1 million residents and picks up a congressional seat this year.
The new U.S. House seat is likely to be created in north Georgia in response to the region's population boom. Also bolstering the case for gains in north Georgia: The region is home to the state's three top Republicans, Gov. Nathan Deal, Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle and House Speaker David Ralston.
Lawmakers have budgeted $3.9 million for redistricting session, predicting it will take legislators four weeks to adopt the maps.