Each redistricting dataset merges the electoral data the SWDB collected and processed over the preceding decade with the most current census data (PL94-171). The result is a census block level dataset that allows for longitudinal analysis of electoral data over time on the same unit of analysis. Electoral data consist of the Statements of Vote (SOV) and Statements of Registration (SOR) for each statewide election. These data are collected from the Registrars of Voters for each of the 58 California counties with each election.
The SWDB collects the Statement of Vote and the Statement of Registration along with various geography files from each of the 58 counties for every statewide election. The Statement of Vote is a precinct level dataset and precincts in California change frequently between elections. The goal of the SWDB is to make election data available that can be compared over time, on the same unit of analysis – a precinct, a census block or a census tract.
Michael J. Crumb
January 24, 2010
Associated Press Writer
DES MOINES, Iowa - More than a year and a half after a massive flood left a huge swath of eastern Iowa under-water, the tiny farming community of Oakville is clinging to survival.
Many of the town's 400 or so residents moved on after the June 2008 disaster, leaving local leaders desperate to lure new faces to the community. But they say their efforts are being harmed by an ambitious government initiative to update and digitize the nation's flood plain maps.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency started the $200 million-per-year project in 2004 as a way to utilize advances in mapping technology to better identify areas susceptible to flooding. FEMA officials say the new maps - some of which have won final approval and others which are still in their preliminary stages - will allow for better zoning and help prevent future catastrophes like the flood in Iowa, which caused an estimated $10 billion of damage.
But critics, including civic leaders, developers and homeowners in several states, have complained that the new maps are riddled with inaccuracies, seem arbitrarily drawn, and will stifle growth and hurt property values.
Doug Boyer, whose home would be in the flood plain for the first time if FEMA's Oakville map gains final approval, said it's inexplicable why FEMA extended the flood plain border to the center of Main Street in the relatively flat town.
"The east side is in the flood plain and the west side is fine - it's odd that the water will stop at Main Street ," he said.
Garden City, Kan. , has sued to prevent FEMA's proposed map for the city from taking effect. The map for the first time designates areas around two decades-old drainage ditches as flood-prone, even though the ditches have never been a problem, said Kaleb Kentner, the city's community development director.
Should their challenge fail, the redistricting would force nearly 2,000 homes and businesses into a flood plain and force property owners to buy expensive flood plain insurance, Kentner said.
The proposed digital maps for Linn County , Iowa , are almost unrecognizable, said county planning and zoning director Les Beck. There is a stream that appears on aerial maps that isn't in the same place on the new digital maps, he said.
Josh deBerge, a FEMA spokesman based in Kansas City , Mo. , said there are few substantial changes in the new FEMA maps, and that any major changes were made because advances in mapping technology allowed for better analysis.
FEMA welcomes criticism of the digital maps and is open to making changes if a compelling scientific case can be made, deBerge said.
Generally, it takes about 18 months from the time a preliminary map is released to when it takes effect. During that time, FEMA holds community meetings followed a 90-day appeal process and a FEMA review of concerns raised during the appeals process. Once an appeal is resolved, FEMA issues a letter of final determination and provides the final map to the community.
If a challenge fails, communities may be stuck changing land use and development plans - a process that could take up to six months before a new map takes effect.
Residents may have to pay thousands of dollars on surveys to prove they should be exempted from the maps, and in some cases could be forced to elevate their homes.
The charred wreckage of a
burns out of control
on the Long Island
Expressway near Melville ,
N.Y. , on Saturday. Police
say the driver was killed
and another person injured
when the truck clipped a
car, flipped and exploded.
The resulting fireball shut
the highway for hours.
MICHAEL DESCALSO/Associated Press
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